Night and Day

Virginia Woolf, Night and Day
(London: Penguin, 1992)
First published: 1919

The alcove on the stairs, in which the telephone was placed, was screened for privacy by a curtain of purple velvet. It was a pocket for superfluous possessions, such as exist in most houses which harbour the wreckage of three generations. Prints of great-uncles, famed for their prowess in the East, hung above Chinese teapots, whose sides were riveted by little gold stitches, and the precious teapots, again, stood upon bookcases containing the complete works of William Cowper and Sir Walter Scott. The thread of sound, issuing from the telephone, was always coloured by the surroundings which received it, so it seemed to Katharine. Whose voice was now going to combine with them, or to strike a discord?


Out of all the welter of voices which crowd round the far end of the telephone, out of the enormous range of possibilities, whose voice, what possibility, was this?

In this extract from Virginia Woolf’s second novel Night and Day (1919), the narrator locates the telephone in a nook at the heart of the Hilberys’ house in Cheyne Walk, alongside vestiges of the family’s rich material history. At first sight, Woolf appears to contrast the sheltered alcove with the presence of the telephone, a visible sign of modernity at odds with the confined interior of the late-Victorian home. However, the allusion to travel and trade in the form of the family’s ‘superfluous possessions’ anticipates the invisible networks configured by ‘the thread of sound’, showing spaces to be permeable, interconnected and informed by intersecting ideologies rather than discrete spatial formations. The novel’s heroine herself acknowledges this when she visualises the sound of the telephone as likely to be ‘coloured by the surroundings which received it’. At the same time, for Katharine, the great poet Richard Alardyce’s granddaughter, the telephone also holds the promise of a form of escape, a ‘possibility’ which her parents’ house and its heavy legacy seem to preclude. Here, the ‘voice’ is that of the male protagonist Ralph Denham, and the two characters’ union of sorts, at the end of the novel, materialises this ‘possibility’, making the telephone a conduit of renewal for a generation in search of ‘new answers’ to a world described as increasingly and bewilderingly modern.

by Suzana Zink